Following are links to related organizations and pertinent documentation.
VoteAllegheny stands behind each document on our Documents page, but we make no representations nor warranties concerning the availability or content of documentation accessed through our Links page. However, we would not send you there unless we thought they were good links.

Very important: Voting Technology in Pennsylvania: Report of the Advisory Committee on Voting Technology, December 2017, by the Joint State Government Commission of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
A very important document.

The Pennsylvania Election Code, Act of June 3, 1937, P.L. 1333, No. 320, Cl. 25.
"Pennsylvania Election Code" website.

MZP Consulting - Don't Tread On My Vote website.

Media Coverage

Ars Technica, by Timothy B. Lee, January 2, 2018, 8:00 a.m.
"New bill could finally get rid of paperless voting machines"

Crooks and Liars, by Susie Madrak, January 2, 2018, 9:00 a.m.
"New Bill aims To Get Rid Of Paperless Voting Machines"

The Atlantic, December 2017 Issue, by Jill Leovy. Technology.
"The Computer Scientist Who Prefers Paper: Barbara Simons believes there is only one safe voting technology."

Coursera, University of Michigan.
"Securing Digital Democracy" course taught by J. Alex Halderman.

Democratic Underground, November 1, 2017.
"The Matrix Has You(r Vote)."

Pennsylvania Senate Bill 563 of 2017, which is highly not recommended, October 17, 2017.
This bill would provide for Internet voting, which of course cannot be done securely.

Memo sent by Pennsylvania Senator Patrick J. Stefano, to snow his colleagues into supporting Internet voting, which is a very bad idea.

The Register, October 31, 2017, 20:29, by Iain Thomson in San Francisco.
"A draft US law to secure election computers that isn't braindead...."

Wilkes-Barre Times Leader, November 12, 2017, 8:10 p.m., by Jennifer Learn-Andes.
"Election Director: Luzerne County voting machines showing their age."

The Tartan, November 19, 2017, by Evangeline Liu.
"Carnegie Mellon researchers combat partisan gerrymandering."

The Morning Call, October 11, 2017, 9:44 p.m., by the Associated Press.
"Pennsylvania's top election official has resigned."

The Hill, October 10, 2017, 01:38 p.m., by Joe Uchill.
"Election hacking report: US 'has a lot to do in a short period of time.'"

Mother Jones, October 3, 2017, 12:31 p.m., by Pema Levy.
"New Document Shows Trump’s Election Commission May Be on Shaky Legal Ground."

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 25, 2017, 5:15 p.m., by Angela Couloumbis and Liz Navratil.
"Official: Russian hackers probed Pa.'s election system for vulnerabilities."

The Tartan (Carnegie Mellon University), September 17, 2017, by Zachary Goldstein.
"Pennsyvlania legislature seeks to reform redistricting." Not exactly on our point, but an interesting development.

Allegheny County's 2017 Primary Election Reporting Site, May 16, 2017, as designed and copyrighted at 2015 by Scytl.
They mentioned that they paid $10,000 for this reporting. We look forward to seeing the contract.

Richmond Times-Dispatch, September 8, 2017, by Graham Moomaw.
"In emergency meeting, Virginia elections board votes to scrap all touch-screen voting machines."

Reuters, September 8, 2017, by Dustin Volz.
"Virginia halts use of voting machines considered vulnerable to hacking."

Bleeping Computer, September 7, 2017, by Catalin Cimpanu.
"Researchers Hack Voting Machines Used in German Elections"

Science Friday, from PRI, August 26, 2017, writer Adam Wernick.
"How Secure Are America's Voting Machines?"

which is based on an interview on Science Friday, posted here:

PRI, Science Friday, August 4, 2017, interview by Ira Flatow.
"Hacking The Vote: How Can We Secure Our Voting Systems." Joseph Lorenzo Hall, chief technologist at the Center for Democracy & Technology, and Edward Felten, professor of computer science and public affairs and director of the Center for Information Technology Policy at Princeton University, discuss the technological vulnerabilities and how we can secure our voting systems.

Fortune, August 26, 2017, by David Z. Morris.
"Trump Cybersecurity Advisors Resign, Citing His 'Insufficient Attention' to Threats."

Newsweek, June 5, 2017, by Aidan Quigley.
"Who Won the Election? NSA Report Suggests Russia Might Have Hacked Voting System."

Brennan Center for Justice at the New York University School of Law, August 21, 2017.
"Brennan Center and Protect Democracy File Suit to Make "Voter Fraud" Commission Records Public."

NBC News, August 23, 2017, by Likhitha Butchireddygari.
"Many County Election Officials Still Lack Cybersecurity Training."

Patricia Arquette and Matthew Cooke, YouTube, August 2, 2017. Patricia Arquette has expressed support of Allegheny County legislation.
"Democracy at Stake - 3 - Vote Hacking."

The New York Times, August 3, 2017, by R. James Woolsey and Brian J. Fox.
"To Protect Voting, Use Open-Source Software."

The Register, July 29, 2017, by Iain Thomson in San Francisco.
"It took DEF CON hackers minutes to pwn these US voting machines."

And the related Huffington Post, July 29, 2017, by Andy Campbell.
"Hackers Crack Voting Machines Within Minutes At DEF CON In Vegas."

Washington Post, July 24, 2017, by Spencer S. Hsu.
"Federal Judge Allows Trump Commission's Nationwide Voter Data Request to Go Forward."

WESA.FM, July 18, 2017.
"Advocates Push For Newer, Manually Audited Voting Machines in Allegheny County," by Virginia Alvino Young.

Brennan Center for Justice, 2017.
"Voting Laws Roundup 2017."

Huffington Post, July 22, 2017.
"Ruth Bader Ginsburg: Gerrymandering Case May Be Most Important Decision SCOTUS Faces."

Daily Kos, July 17, 2017. Take in everything you read with a skeptical eye, but also note the comments on this particular page.
"South Carolina Wasn't Competitive Yet Hackers Targeted Its Voting Systems 150,000 Times Election Day."

Special section regarding the call for recounting the 2016 election: link here.

NPR's Fresh Air interview of cybersecurity reporter Kim Zetter on July 20, 2017. The Insecurity Of America's Old And Underfunded Voting Systems

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 17, 2017, by Chris Potter.
"Activists laying out options to urge Allegheny County to acquire new voting machines."

Politico, July 17, 2017.
"Colorado to require advanced post-election audits," by Eric Geller. And VoteAllegheny President Ron Bandes has spoken extensively about risk-limiting audits; we are in favor.

Governor Tom Wolf's Official Website. National Issues, Press Release, Statement, Voting & Elections. July 7, 2017.
"Pennsylvania Governor Wolf Statement on White House Election 'Integrity' Commission."

Associated Press in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 8, 2017, 8:06 p.m.
"State election officials worry about 2018 election security, by Brian Slodysko."

Allegheny County's 2017 Primary Election Results Page.
This page was built for Allegheny County by Scytl, a company based in Barcelona, Spain, which touts itself as a global leader in secure election management, but which offers online voting which we know cannot be done securely. Why is our County spending our money on a company in Spain, to make a webpage that is very clumsy to use - and which was aggravating when searching for District Magistrate results - rather than a U.s. company? Is this to be the sad occasion of the company's foot in the door toward Internet voting? How many have been convinced of security with no basis in reality? Also, please note that the site is not carried on the Allegheny County site, even though it is presumed to be official.

Intelligence Community Assessment.
"Background to “Assessing Russian Activities and Intentions in Recent US Elections”: The Analytic Process and Cyber Incident Attribution. January 6, 2017."

NPR - Politics, June 14, 2017. Morning Edition.
"If Voting Machines Were Hacked, Would Anyone Know?"

RawStory, June 14, 2017.
"Georgia officials refuse to fix serious security flaws in voting system ahead of special election, by David Ferguson."

Esquire magazine, June 13, 2017.
"The Hard Truth Keeps Trickling Out, Little by Little, by Charles P. Pierce."

Bloomberg, June 13, 2017.
"Russian Cyber Hacks on U.S. Electoral System Far Wider Than Previously Known, by Michael Riley and Jordan Robertson."

The Incline, May 30, 2017.
"How Jay Costa Wants to Fix Pa.'s Gerrymandered Congressional Districts."

Unhack the Vote, May 4, 2017.
"More Crazy Numbers From Pennsylvania."

George Takei on Facebook, video, May 24, 2017.
"How to Rig an Election."

Salon, May 16, 2017.
"As millions pour into Georgia's congressional runoff, the voting machinery is among the worst in America."

Allegheny County's Election Results Site, used in the Primary 2017, as designed by Scytl, May 16, 2017.
"2017 Primary Election - Official Results."

Alternet: Election 2016, May 12, 2017.
"Greg Palast: Trump Picks the Al Capone of Vote-Rigging to Investigate Federal Voter Fraud."

Media Matters for America, May 11, 2017.
"Hannity's Interview With Kris Kobach Proves Election Commission Is About Voter Suppression."

Georgia Sixth District Special Election Bulletin, April 21, 2017.
"Experts Offer SOS Immediate GA6 Verifiable Election Help."

Affidavit of Chelsey Marie Smith, November 3, 2016.
Employed by the Broward County Supervisor of Elections.

Georgia Sixth District Special Election Bulletin, April 21, 2017.
"Experts Offer SOS Immediate GA6 Verifiable Election Help."

BradBlog, April 19, 2017.
"100% Unverifiable Diebold Touchscreens Save the Day for GOP in GA06!"

Occupy Democrats, April 21, 2017.
"Civil Rights Groups Just Busted Georgia Republicans Rigging Runoff Election"

BBC News, April 2, 2017.
"Madhya Pradesh election: Staff moved over voting machine 'flaw.'" Interesting line: "But a test of a voting machine in the state appeared to show it printing out votes for the prime minister's party, regardless of what button was pressed."

Verified Voting, March 15, 2017.
"Verified Voting Blog: Technology Experts' Letter to Georgia Secretary of State, by Brian Kemp."

Fortune magazine - Tech, from Reuters, Monday, March 6, 2017.
"France Drops Electronic Voting For Citizens Abroad Over Cybersecurity Fears."

"An Electoral System in Crisis," Lulu Fries'dat & Anselmo Sampietro in collaboration withFritz Scheuren.
"Hollerback Films' Page on An Electoral System in Crisis". and
"An Unpredictable, High-Stakes Election".

Tribune-Review, Tuesday, December 27, 2016.
"Researchers Say Pennsylvania's Electoral System Among Worst in Country."

AP - The Big Story, December 26, 2016.
"Election system susceptible to rigging despite red flags," by Michael Rubinkam and Frank Bajak.

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Op-Ed, December 18, 2016.
"Pennsylvania's Voting System is One of the Worst: State officials don't know if our elections have been hacked, and they don't seem to care," by Candice Hoke a Pittsburgh resident, is a professor of law at Cleveland State University and co-director of its Center for Cybersecurity and Privacy Protection.

VoteAllegheny is disturbed by this op-ed, posted by an individual who was a state-appointed (employed and later contracted) examiner of our current voting systems, and who has more than once been paid to testify in court:

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette op-ed, December 31, 2016.
“Why our voting systems are safe Jill Stein called Pennsylvania’s voting system a ‘national disgrace.’ That’s flat wrong,” by Michael Shamos.

VoteAllegheny members understand what he might be saying and why, what he means by his lawyerly arguments that "all is just fine, dearie." But his bottom line - that we should be beginning with what systems we have - is not only objectionable, it is absolutely not the correct answer. What we have is poorly designed and constructed unrecountable, unsecure, aging computer systems, cumbersome for those with disabilities, running secret software, that provably malfunction and contain purposely designed backdoors that have never been closed, with nothing reliably produced with which to recount the vote.
Without refuting each item individually here, we nevertheless post this, to point out what our elected officials are likely to hold up in front of our faces while we are waving the plentitude of articles by others which say otherwise.

The National Press Club, October 24, 2016, 10:30 AM
"Questions Raised on Results of the Florida 23rd Congressional District Democratic Primary."

The Libertarian Republic, September 20, 2016
"BREAKING: Gary Johnson Left Off Pennsylvania Absentee Ballots."

DailyKos, November 4, 2016
"Arkansas ballots have a shameful typo - the word 'liar' appears in Hillary Clinton's name."

ZeroHedge, October 26, 2016
"Texas County Enacts "Emergency Paper Ballots" After "Software Glitch" In Voting Machines."

NewsWorks, October 25, 2016
"Age of Pennsylvania's Voting Machines Serves as Safeguard Against Cyberattack." VoteAllegheny disagrees.

Computer World, October 5, 2016, including interview of our Vice President.
"If the election is hacked, we may never know."

BloombergBusinessweek, September 29, 2016
"The Computer Voting Revolution Is Already Crappy, Buggy, and Obsolete."

Bustle, October 2016
"Is Electronic Voting Secure?"

NBC News, October 2016
"Paperless Pennsylvania: Can Swing State Verify 2016 Vote?"

NPR, October 18, 2016
"Why Worries About Paperless Voting Loom Larger This Year."

Philadelphia Trib, October 2016
"Multiple Threats to Voting Systems Could Influence Outcomes."

Pennsylvania Department of State, October 2016
"Guidance on Rules in Effect at the Polling Place on Election Day."

PC World, October 2016
"Hacking An Election Is About Influence and Disruption, Not Voting Machines."

Channel 27, October 2016
"Are Hackers Targeting Pennsylvania's Election?."

Truth-Out, September 6, 2016
"The Shocking Truth About Election Rigging in America." Radio, Pittsburgh, September 2016
"Advocates Say Electronic Voting Should Include Printed Paper Ballots."

Yahoo News, August 28, 2016
"FBI Says Foreign Hackers Penetrated...."

TechDirt, discussing statements by Mark Wolosik, Allegheny County Elections Director, August 23, 2016
"Tempting Fate - Pittsburgh Election Officials Insist Their E-Voting Machiens Can't Be Hacked."

The Real News, August 9, 2016
"Robert Fitrakis: Sanders May Have Lost Due to Election Fraud."

Mother Jones, August 2016
"Millions of Voters Could Cast Ballots on Machines that Leave No Paper Trail."

Facebook: Voting Fraud, August 2016

WIRED magazine, August 2016
"America's Voting Machines Aren't Ready for Election" and

"Voting Machines Mess."

Public Radio International, August 2016
Segment on "Science Friday."

Politico, August 2016
"2016 Elections - Russia Hack - How To Hack An Election in Seven Minutes."

New York Times, August 14, 2016
Opinion: "The Election Won't Be Rigged But It Could Be Hacked."

Verified Voting - The Verifier
"Polling Place Equipment in Pennsylvania - Current" (includes all states).

New York Times, August 2016
"The Election Won't Be Rigged...."

Published in Politico:
"How to Hack an Election in Seven Minutes."

And on Public Radio International, on Science Friday:
"How Secure Are U.S. Voting Sysetms?".

Wired Magazine:
"America's Voting Machines Aren't Ready....."



Mother Jones:
"Millions of Voters Could Cast Ballots on Machines that Leave No Paper Trail."

And one more, not so brief (about 15 minutes long), rather neat and pointed:

Princeton University Security Analysis of the Diebold TS, September 2006

Brennan Center for Justice at the NYU School of Law – report and The Truth About Voter Fraud, by Justin Levitt.

General information on voting barriers from Brennan Center for Justice at New York University

The Annual Report of 2006, a most informative document, was issued when ElectionLine was working under the Pew Charitable Trusts. ElectionLine is now affiliated with the University of Minnesota's Humphrey School of Public Affairs.

Rolling Stone magazine has provided a great deal of coverage on voting rights issues. Unfortunately,  “Will the Election Be Stolen?” article by Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., Rolling Stone magazine, October 6, 2006, is no longer posted on line.

 “Was the 2004 Election Stolen?” by Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., Rolling Stone magazine, July 2006

 Interview by Thom Hartmann of Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., following publication of “Was the 2004 Election Stolen?” by Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., in Rolling Stone magazine, July 2006

Pittsburgh CityPaper article 10/19/06

FairVote Minnesota's information on Instant Runoff Voting information

Hacking Democracy official website. A great and incisive film from 2008.

Election Assistance Commission, Voluntary Voting System Guidelines The Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA) created the U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC) and transferred the responsibility of developing voting system standards from the FEC to the EAC. HAVA also tasked the EAC with establishing the federal government’s first voting system certification program.

Election Assistance Commission, Comments on Voluntary Voting System Guidelines

Software Review and Security Analysis of the ES&S iVotronic Voting Machine Firmware, for the Florida Department of State, February 23, 2007

Amended Certification of ES&S Unity Software, Version, with Data Acquisition Manager, Version, dated June 25, 2007

Election Mathematics' reference sheet - response to NACo's concerns about H.R. 811, dated September 19, 2007

California Secretary of State Debra Bowen's Top-To-Bottom Review Decisions Concerning Voting Systems which were certified for use in California in March 2007 and Frequently Asked Questions

YouTube Hill District Malfunctioning Voter Machines, Part 1, posted November 6, 2007, by PittsburghDemocracy

YouTube Hill District Malfunctioning Voter Machines, Part 2, posted November 6, 2007, by PittsburghDemocracy

EVEREST Voting System Review, Jennifer Brunner, Ohio Secretary of State, December 2007 or here, and Penn State University's related page.

Website for Uncounted the Movie

New York Times Magazine article "Can You Count on Voting Machines?" by Clive Thompson, January 6, 2008. Includes a photo of Allegheny County's warehouse and information from Pittsburgh.

BradBlog entry of July 24, 2008, "Rove Threatened GOP IT Guru If He Does Note 'Take the Fall' for Election Fraud in Ohio, Says Attorney." PLEASE NOTE: This article may be somewhat partisan; VoteAllegheny remains nonpartisan. interview with Stephen Spoonamore on Voting Machine Fraud, August 19, 2008. Also from this page, concerning PLEASE NOTE: This article may be somewhat partisan; VoteAllegheny remains nonpartisan. Also from War Is A Crime.

The Washington Post, August 21, 2008, by Mary Pat Flaherty: Diebold is now admitting that they've had a critical programming bug for years that can drop votes and that it was missed in inspections.

Shortened versions (academic-paper style) of reports by the University of Pennsylvania and Penn State teams:
Paper on Security Evaluation of ES&S Voting Machines and Election Management System, by Adam Aviv Pavol Černý, Sandy Clark, Eric Cronin, Gaurav Shah, Micah Sherr, and Matt Blaze; and
Paper on Systemic Issues in the Hart InterCivic and Premier Voting Systems: Reflections on Project EVEREST, by Kevin Butler, William Enck, Harri Hursti, Stephen McLaughlin, Patrick Traynor, and Patrick McDaniel;
from EVT '08.

CNN Report, Voting problems in several swing states, September 18, 2008.

YouTube: "Turdblossom's Insider's Guide to Swinging Elections," September 2008. PLEASE NOTE: This article may be somewhat partisan; VoteAllegheny remains nonpartisan.

YouTube: "Insecurities and Inaccuracies of the Sequoia AVC Advantage 12.00H DRE Voting Machine," September 2008. By Andrew W. Appel (Princeton University), Maia Ginsburg (Princeton University), Harri Hursti, Brian W. Kernighan (Princeton University), Christopher D. Richards (Princeton University), and Gang Tan (Lehigh University).

Unfortunately this link is no longer posted: Oregon Voter Rights Coalition: "Jackson County Experiences Unexplained Ballot-count Problems in 2006 Election," November 10, 2006. Jackson County, Oregon - the computer system reportedly moved votes from one race to another.

You Tube: Various interviews with Stephen Spoonamore.

The Online NewsHour (PBS - transcript): "Election Officials Grapple With Voting Irregularities in New Mexico."

Humboldt County (California) Election Transparency Project: Report on failure in GEMS tabulation system, causing Premier Election Systems (formerly Diebold) to admit shortcomings was originally posted 12/4/2008, with updates added to same webpage, but is unfortunately no longer posted. Official document from the Secretary of State of California: Hearing held by California Secretary of State on March 17, 2009. Included in the Brennan Center for Justice's Voting System Failures: A Database Solution, by Lawrence Norden. Reported on BradBlog at this site. Caution: reporting on BradBlog may be partisan. Also reported on

HDNet - Dan Rather Reports: "The Trouble With Touch Screens" is found in various forms on line. The full report is well worth watching. The Brad Blog reports on the documentary. Also, Democratic Underground reports. Caution: These reports may be of a partisan nature. The video may be purchased at

AlterNet report: "Rove's IT Guru Warned of Sabotage Before Fatal Plane Crash; Was Set to Testify." December 22, 2008, by AlterNet. PLEASE NOTE: This article may be somewhat partisan; VoteAllegheny remains nonpartisan.

Deutschland Bundesverfassungsgericht: Federal Constitutional Court – Press office, Press release no. 19/2009 of 3 March 2009, Judgment of 3 March 2009 – 2 BvC 3/07 and 2 BvC 4/07 Use of voting computers in 2005 Bundestag election unconstitutional. The Federal Constitutional Court rendered judgment on two complaints concerning the scrutiny of an election, which were directed against the use of computer-controlled voting machines (so-called voting computers) in the 2005 Bundestag election of the 16th German Bundestag (see German press release no. 85/2008 of 25 September 2008).

Salina Journal: "'Vote flipping' was not unexpected," report on iVotronics in Salina, Kansas, April 10, 2009.


Ongoing information –Historic information is available at

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